Natural health center Frantiskovy Lazne established centuries ago

History of the Miraculous Water from Cheb

 It was not until 1406 when a sale contract states details of buying Dry Meadow that is near the "kyselkova pesina" (path by the acidulous waters). The chroni­cle of Pakrac Engelharth from Hasselbach mentions the springs by the village of  Trznice. The spring water used to be transported to Cheb in those days. The town was not very interested in building any kind of institution by the spring. In 1542 Gaspard Bruschius described in his chronicle various springs in the area and pointed that drinking Cheb's min­eral water gives a "healthy and joyful" feel­ing. The physician and chemist Georgius Agricola, who lived in Jachymov was prob­ably the first real specialist to analyse the lo­cal mineral springs. This was in 1545. He wrote a thesis on the subject called: "On the natural waters that spring out of the earth." One of the springs he called "wild" and mentioned it gushes out of the ground in a very noisy manner. Then many other physicians, such as Giinther de Andernach, rec­ommended it for drinking and bathing, the well-known Paracelsus put the Cheb's spring onto the list of healing waters and the per­sonal physician of the Branibory princ elector Leonard Thurneisser had the water test­ed on a greater scale and explained its heal­ing properties and effects. Cheb became a meeting point of many important person­alities of those days. The Emperor Mathias, Ferdinand II., Ferdinand III., the Polish King Zikmund and the general Albrech from Wallenstein. When the weather was good they set out to go to the spring, but if the weath­er was not favourable, the water was trans­ported into Cheb so they could use its heal­ing properties in the comfort of their luxuri­ous accommodation. The Thirty Years War only slowed down the whole activity a little, and after this tradition was easily renewed. In 1670 an Emperor's decree was issued that the water could be sold and transported into the whole area. It is rather interesting that the fi­nancial gain from this activity was used to improve the town's fortifications rather than to build up a spa centre around the spring, in those days there already existed spa towns that offered a comparatively high comfort to their visitors. Here, there was only a spring of mineral water streaming up from the ground in the middle of a bare moorland meadow. I n 1660 the first wooden shed was built which served as a workshop for col­lecting the mineral water. The first mention about production of salt called Sal Egranum dates to 1681. It was not before 1 694 to 1 704 that the first signs of a spa centre began to loom on the horizon. The first two houses were built here. The credit for the true be­ginning of this spa town goes to a physician from Cheb who had the spring cleaned, channelled the mineral water through a drainage pipe into a reservoir and also had the first real pavilion built here. Of course, the water carriers (people who used to carry the water into town) rebelled. Cheb was vis­ited by a specially commissioned committee.

The result- an official spa health centre should be found here. The Emperor Frantisek I gave his blessing to this undertaking with his decree from the 27th of April 1 793. This is the offi­cial date of the foundation of the "Village of Emperor Franz" (Kaiser Franzendsdorf and since 1807 the place is called Kaiser Franzensbad). Dr. Adler was appointed the first spa physician.

The development started almost immediately. The spa settlement / healthcenter was designed on a strict­ly symmetric layout. The first pavilion was not sufficient for the needs of the ever growing number of visitors and so Dr. Adler looked for and found a new spring, it was a gas spring so the first gas spa came into existence (Adler named the spring after the daughter of Franz I and the second Napoleon's wife Louisa). Since 1797 lists of visitors were kept, in 1803 the plumbing system was introduced and in 1808 a spa tax was paid by visitors.

The successor of Dr. Adler (1753-1810), Dr. Poschmann improved the mud bath pro­cedures in the healthcenter. And during his time the Salt Spring (Solny pramen, 1817) was discovered. Its mineral composition was different from the rest of the springs. By this time the bath in bath chamber in private houses were not convenient any more and so in 1827 the owner of one of the first houses in Fran-tiskovy Lazne (Three Lilies House, Tri lilie) had the Bath House buiit. Dr. Palliardi ex­plored the effects of the mud bath in 1830. In 1852 Frantiskovy Lazne became an inde-pendend municipality and in 1865 the mu­nicipality was officially declared a town.

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